Long Non-coding RNAs: key players in brain and central nervous system development  

Jie Lv1 , Hui Liu1 , Hongbo Liu1 , Qiong Wu1 , Yan Zhang2
1. School of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150001, China
2. College of Bioinformatics Science and Technology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China
Author    Correspondence author
Computational Molecular Biology, 2014, Vol. 4, No. 5   doi: 10.5376/cmb.2014.04.0005
Received: 09 Mar., 2014    Accepted: 26 Apr., 2014    Published: 04 Jul., 2014
© 2014 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Regulatory long non-coding RNAs have been emerged as a major contribution of cognitive evolution in mammalian central nervous system and brain tissues. Though proteins have relatively conserved during evolution, the lncRNAs have evolved rapidly to cope with essential and widespread cellular regulation, partly by directing generic protein function. Long non-coding RNAs, highly yet specifically expressed in mammalian brain, provide tissue- and neuronal activity-specific epigenetic and transcriptional regulation. lncRNAs have been documented to be essential for brain development and be involved in brain related diseases. We suggest that lncRNAs are important to modulate diverse central nervous system processes and are the major factor that is important to the brain development, which may be employed to develop novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies to treat brain related diseases. Moreover, animal models with altered lncRNA expressions and high-throughput approaches would help to understand the mechanisms of lncRNAs in brain development and the etiology of lncRNA-driven human neurological diseases.

Long Non-coding RNAs; Central nervous system; Neurogenesis; Brain development; RNA-Seq
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