Fruit attributes, phyto-nutrients profiles and antioxidant activity of Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) genotypes in Andaman Islands
Division of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India, 744101
Genomics and Applied Biology, 2016, Vol. 7, No. 13 doi: 10.5376/gab.2016.07.0013
Received: 17 Nov., 2015 Accepted: 22 Jan., 2016 Published: 31 May, 2016
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Preferred citation for this article:
Singh D.R., and Singh S., 2016, Fruit attributes, phyto-nutrients profiles and antioxidant activity of Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) genotypes in Andaman Islands, Genomics and Applied Biology, 7(13): 1-10 (doi: 10.5376/gab.2016.07.0013)
The study aimed to indentify genotypes of Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) for higher recovery of phyto-constituents and with superior fruits. Tested 33 genotypes showed significant (p<0.05) variation in total carotenoids (114.7-696.3 mg/100 g), polyphenols (165.4-370.3 mg/100 g), ascorbic acid (71.0-98.2 mg/100 g) and tannin (88.9-395.2 mg/100 g) and micronutrients Mn (4.6-284.2 ppm), Mg (16.3-1131.3 ppm), Ca (51.1-6815.6 ppm) and Cu (2.9-17.2 ppm). Fruit traits also significantly varied in the tested genotypes as observed for average fruit weight (50.5-117.9 g), number of seeds per plant (90.0-221.0) and pulp recovery (35.0-50.0%). Correlation analysis showed strong correlation between carotenoids and ascorbic acid (r=0.973; p<0.05) and flavonoids (r=0.691; p<0.05). Antioxidant activity also showed positive correlation with carotenoids (r=0.0335; p<0.05), flavonoids (r=0.249; p<0.05), Cu (r=0.953; p<0.05) and Mn (r=0.953; p<0.05). The study identified FRG-14, JGH-5, TRA-1, TRA-2 and HD-6 genotypes as rich in phytochemicals and micronutrients for commercial utilization.
Morinda citrifolia L.; Phytochemicals, Micronutrients; Antioxidant activity; Andaman Islands