Effect of Culture Conditions on the Levels of Serum Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 in Indian Major Carps
Thangapalam Jawahar Abraham1
Talagunda Srinivasan Nagesh2
1 Department of Aquatic Animal Health, Faculty of Fishery Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata--700094, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Faculty of Fishery Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata--700094, West Bengal, India
International Journal of Aquaculture, 2017, Vol. 7, No. 10 doi: 10.5376/ija.2017.07.0010
Received: 26 Jun., 2017 Accepted: 17 Jul., 2017 Published: 27 Jul., 2017
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Preferred citation for this article:
Abraham T.J., Hoque F., Das A., and Nagesh T.S., 2017, Effect of culture conditions on the levels of serum insulin-like growth factor-1 in Indian major carps, International Journal of Aquaculture, 7(10): 71-78 (doi: 10.5376/ija.2017.07.0010)
The insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) plays an important role in the regulation of development and growth of fish. Aquaculture researchers consider it as a potential growth rate indicator. Reports on the IGF-1 of carps are limited. This study was undertaken to determine the serum IGF-1 levels of Indian major carps (IMCs) cultured in the normal pond, sewage-fed pond and captive conditions. Labeo rohita of the normal pond recorded the highest serum IGF-1 level (2.10±0.14 ng/ml), followed by Catla catla (1.99±0.17 ng/ml) and Cirrhinus mrigala (1.82±0.12 ng/ml). Captive held C. catla recorded the highest serum IGF-1 (2.10±0.19 ng/ml) compared to L. rohita (2.04±0.08 ng/ml) and C. mrigala (1.90±0.09 ng/ml). In the sewage-fed pond, C. catla, L. rohita and C. mrigala recorded the serum IGF-1 levels of 2.38±0.36 ng/ml, 2.06 ±0.03 ng/ml and 1.07±0.06 ng/ml, respectively. Significant differences existed among the serum IGF-1 levels of C. mrigala reared in the normal and sewage-fed pond as well as the captive and sewage-fed pond (P < 0.05). It appears from the results that C. catla and L. rohita are the ideal cultivable species under the sewage-fed aquaculture. The serum IGF-1 level may be an effective indicator of the differences in growth of carps.
Serum IGF-1; Catla catla; Labeo rohita; Cirrhinus mrigala; Sewage-fed pond