Opportunities of Adopting and Significance of Freshwater Fish Powder Based Biscuit: A Review
Bereket Abraha1, 2
1 State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China
2 Department of Marine Biotechnology, Massawa College of Marine Science and Technology, Massawa, Eritrea
International Journal of Aquaculture, 2018, Vol. 8, No. 7 doi: 10.5376/ija.2018.08.0007
Received: 27 Feb., 2018 Accepted: 20 Mar., 2018 Published: 23 Mar., 2018
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Preferred citation for this article:
Abraha B., Xia W.S., and Fang Y., 2018, Opportunities of adopting and significance of freshwater fish powder based biscuit: a review, International Journal of Aquaculture, 8(7): 43-52 (doi: 10.5376/ija.2018.08.0007)
Fish has been widely used as an excellent source of animal protein and other nutrients. It functions to prevent human beings from variety of diseases all over the world. Sturgeon is one of the world's known freshwater fish have a high nutritional value which provide high quality protein, are rich in essential amino acid and good source of vitamins and minerals. Based on the nutritional value, freshwater fish are the best source and replacement of wheat flour based biscuits. Malnutrition is the biggest burden nowadays all over the world particularly in developing countries. Consumers getting complementary biscuits from cereals and crops are especially vulnerable to malnutrition because these biscuits are characterized by poor-protein quality, as well as inadequate micronutrient content like vitamins. Even though consumers are getting biscuits from cereals, however, these types of biscuits have low protein content of essential amino acids like lysine and other micronutrients compared to biscuits enriched with fish protein powder. Biscuit is one type of bakery products, which is widely consumed by young people because of its availability easy to eat convenience. Biscuit supplemented with fish powder could provide biscuit with high nutritional value, solve malnutrition and will increase the usage of freshwater fish at large.
Role of fish biscuit; Nutritive value; Sensory quality; Consumers