Determination of Levels of Phosphate, Ammonia and Chlorine from Indoor and Outdoor Nano Tank System
1 Aquatic Science Student Association, Department of Applied Sciences, UCSI University, No.1 Jalan Menara Gading, UCSI Heights, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, W. P. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Department of Applied Sciences, UCSI University, No.1 Jalan Menara Gading, UCSI Heights, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, W. P. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
International Journal of Aquaculture, 2018, Vol. 8, No. 19 doi: 10.5376/ija.2018.08.0019
Received: 15 Jun., 2018 Accepted: 17 Jul., 2018 Published: 24 Aug., 2018
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Preferred citation for this article:
Lim L.H., Regina L.Z.L., Soh Y.T., and Teo S.S., 2018, Determination of levels of phosphate, ammonia and chlorine from indoor and outdoor nano tank system, International Journal of Aquaculture, 8(19): 145-150 (doi: 10.5376/ija.2018.08.0019)
Fresh water, as well as river water quality and pollution control has worsened year after year due to rapid development that produce large amounts of waste which inevitably end up in the water bodies. Presence of ions such as phosphates, ammonia and chlorine in the water body determine the survivability of organisms and water quality in the aquatic ecosystem. Excessive or less ions will affect the balance of the ecosystem involved. For example phosphate stimulates the production of aquatic plants and phytoplankton as the food sources for other organisms. Excess present in the water body will cause eutrophication that caused algae bloom which will block sunlight from penetrating into the water body and also reduce the amount of dissolved oxygen. Another example, ammonia is enriching source of nutrient for fertilizer necessary in increasing yield of crops. However, excessive amount would lead to eutrophication. Even in low concentration, ammonia is toxic to aquatic organisms which can pose threat to the aquatic populations. Hence, the main objective of this study is to determine the levels of ions such as phosphate, ammonia and chlorine in different water bodies using colorimetric analysis. This will provide data on the health of the water bodies that can be used to sustain the larger ecosystem health and human population involved.
Phosphate; Ammonia; Chlorine; Aquaponic