Research Report

Nutrient Requirement of African Sneakhead Fish (Parachanna obscura, Gunther 1861): a Review  

Juste Vital Vodounnou1 , Diane N.S. Kpogue2 , Jule Zounon1 , Wilfried Sintondji1 , Emile D. Fiogbe1
1 University of Abomey-Calavi, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Laboratory of Research in the Wetlands 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Benin
2 National University of Agriculture, BP 43 Ketou, Benin
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Aquaculture, 2018, Vol. 8, No. 21   doi: 10.5376/ija.2018.08.0021
Received: 25 Jun., 2018    Accepted: 24 Jul., 2018    Published: 31 Aug., 2018
© 2018 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Vodounnou J.V., Kpogue D.N.S., Zounon J., Sintondji W., and Fiogbe E.D., 2018, Nutrient requirement of African sneakhead fish (Parachanna obscura, Gunther 1861): a review, International Journal of Aquaculture, 8(21): 156-160 (doi: 10.5376/ija.2018.08.0021)

 

Abstract

The domestication of new species in aquaculture, strongly contributed to the promotion of the aquaculture in the recent years. Fish need lipids, energy, protein vitamins and minerals in their feed for to insure growth, reproduction, and other physiological functions. Several studies have been made on P. obscura in sight of its domestication. Dietary protein requirement, dietary lipid requirement and dietary carbohydrate requirement of P. obscura were previously studied. The aim of this study is to make a bibliographical on the nutrient requirements of the African snakehead fish (P. obscura) in order to promote P. obscura rearing. Protein requirements of P. obscura larvae are between 45 and 55.5% whereas for fingerlings are 42.5 and 53.5% of the diet. The optimal carbohydrate requirement of P. obscura fingerlings is 12% of diet and maximum crude lipid is 7% of the diet.

Keywords
Parachanna obscura; Protein requirements; Carbohydrate requirements; Lipid requirements
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