Paediatric Parameningeal Rhabdomyosarcoma: A Case Report Post-multimodal Treatment  

Gustave Buname , Richard Byaruhanga , Emily Kakande , Justine Namwagala , David Alele , Christopher Ndoleriire
1. Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
2. Department of pathology, Makerere university, Kampala, Uganda
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Clinical Case Reports, 2014, Vol. 4, No. 2   doi: 10.5376/ijccr.2014.04.0002
Received: 06 Feb., 2014    Accepted: 27 Mar., 2014    Published: 27 Mar., 2014
© 2014 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of childhood, representing 5% of all childhood cancers. We are reporting an interesting case of parameningeal rhabdomyosarcoma in a child who underwent multimodal treatment. A 7 year old boy presented to our clinic with a history of bad breath, nasal obstruction and recurrent epistaxis from the left nostril for 3 months. On examination he had mild left proptosis with normal eye vision and movements, reddish left nasal mass with a smooth surface. Paranasal CT scan showed slightly enhancing soft tissue mass 72×77 mm in the nasal cavity that deviated the nasal septum to the right, extending to the nasopharynx posteriorly and to the maxillary and ethmoidal sinuses with another mass 11×16 mm extension into the orbit. Biopsy was taken and histology showed embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. An extensive tumour debulking was done folwed by chemotherapy (vincristine, dactinomycin and cyclophosphamide) and 50 grays of radiotherapy. A surveillance CT scan a month after treatment revealed over 90% tumour reduction. All patients with metastatic disease (group IV, stage 4) are considered high risk, except children and adolescents younger than 14 years with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. Advances into the multimodality management have dramatically improved survival in PM-RMS from approximately 25% to 75%.

Rhabdomyosarcoma; Multimodal treatment; CT scan
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