Effects of Phosphorus and Organic fertilizers on the Yield and Proximate nutrient composition of lettuce (Lectuca sativa) in Southwestern Nigeria  

K. O. Sanni1 , B. S. Ewulo2
1. Department of Crop Production and Horticulture, Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu, Lagos State, Nigeria
2. Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 704, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2015, Vol. 5, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2015.05.0001
Received: 10 Dec., 2014    Accepted: 17 Jan., 2015    Published: 10 Feb., 2015
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Sanni and Ewulo, 2015, Effects of Phosphorus and Organic fertilizers on the Yield and Proximate nutrient composition of lettuce (Lectuca sativa) in Southwestern nigeria, International Journal of Horticulture, Vol.5, No.1 1-7 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2015.05.0001)

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of different types of organic manure, phosphorus fertilizers and their combinations on the yield attributes and proximate nutrient composition of lettuce grown in Akure and Ikorodu, Southwestern Nigeria. The study involved three types of organic manure (poultry, pig and cattle manures) and two types of phosphorus fertilizer (Ogun Rock Phosphate (RP) and Single Super Phosphate (SSP)) and a control with no fertilizer application resulting in sixteen (16) treatment combinations. The experimental design was Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replicates. Yield was determined by weighing the fresh harvested lettuce and dry weight at 50 days after transplanting (DAT) and lettuce harvested were subjected to proximate composition analysis. The result of the study showed that lettuce grown on soil amended with organic manure combined with SSP and RP at 8t/ha-1 and 4t/ha-1 respectively exhibited significant higher yield. It also influenced the proximate composition positively at harvest compared to control and sole organic manure application. The result obtained clearly indicated that organic manure combined with phosphorus fertilizers prove to be a sound soil fertility management strategy in the study area. This should be adopted by would-be farmer of lettuce, as combinations of organic manures increase solubility of phosphorus and improve lettuce proximate nutrient composition.

Keywords
Organic manure; Phosphorus fertilizers; Proximate composition; Soil fertility management; Treatments’ combinations
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