Research Report

Comparative Field Efficacy of Different Treatment Schedules against Aphid spp. Myzus persicae (Sulzer) and Aphis gossypii Glover on Potato  

B. Kahar1 , P. Mondal2 , A. Konar3
1. Visva-Bharati University, Department of Plant Protection, P.O. Santiniketan, Birbhum, & Faculty of Panchakot Mahavidyalaya, purulia, West Bengal, India
2. Visva-Bharati University, Department of Zoology, P.O. Santiniketan, Birbhum,West Bengal, India
3. Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Department of Agricultural Entomology, P.O. Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal, India
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 6   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2016.06.0006
Received: 07 Dec., 2015    Accepted: 12 Jan., 2016    Published: 13 Feb., 2016
© 2016 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Kahar B., Mondal P., and Konar A., 2016, Comparative field efficacy of different treatment schedules against aphid spp. Myzus persicae (Sulzer) and Aphis gossypii Glover on potato, International Journal of Horticulture, 6(6): 1-6 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2016.06.0006)

Abstract

The present field experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of seven different treatment schedules during rabi season from November to February in 2012-13 and 2013-14, respectively against aphids, namely, Myzus persicae (Sulzer) and Aphis gossypii Glover on potato at Adisaptagram Block Seed Farm, Hooghly, West Bengal. All the treatment schedules were significantly superior over control throughout the experimental period. Among the seven treatment schedules, T1, which received phorate 10 G @ 1.5 kg a. I/ha at planting, followed by spraying of chlorpyriphos 20 EC @ 2.5 ml/lit of water at 40 days after planting (DAP), imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 1.5 ml/7.5 lit of water at 55 DAP and cartap hydrochloride 50 SP @ 1g/lit of water at 75 DAP was most effective and the aphid population never crossed the economic threshold level i.e. 20 aphids/100 compound leaves which was followed by T2 and T3 than other treatments as well as control (T7). The per cent reduction of aphid population over control was recorded highest in T1 (92.44 – 93.11), which was succeeded by T3 (88.87 – 89.35), T2 (88.46 – 91.30), T5 (85.67 – 87.60), T6 (82.72 – 84.10) and T4 (75.93 – 78.18) respectively. Maximum marketable yield of potato tubers (t/ha) was obtained in T2 (26.28-26.80), followed by T5 (26.25-26.67) than other treatments and it was found minimum in control (14.17-15.69). Cost benefit ratio was found highest in T2 (1:18.43-1:25.99) while it was noted lowest in T6 (1:9.50-1:11.45)

Keywords
Potato; Aphids; Insecticidal treatment; Field efficacy; Comparison
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