Effect of Electrical Conductivity (EC) on the Growth and Flower Production of Anthurium (Anthurium andreanum)
Ghida Mohammad Eid
1 Horticulture department, Agriculture college, Damascus university, Syria
2 Professors, Horticulture department, Agriculture college, Damascus university, Syria
International Journal of Horticulture, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 15 doi: 10.5376/ijh.2016.06.0015
Received: 11 Apr., 2016 Accepted: 23 May, 2016 Published: 21 Jun., 2016
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Preferred citation for this article:
Eid G.M., Albatal N., Haddad S., 2016, Effect of electrical conductivity (EC) on the growth and flower production of Anthurium (Anthurium andreanum), International Journal of Horticulture, 6(15): 1-7 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2016.06.0015)
The experiment was conducted in Agriculture engineering college in Damascus during the summer season 2007 to study the effect of electrical conductivity on the growth of Anthurium andreanum and its tolerance patterns, throughout special period of time. Our study was carried out on two varieties of Anthurium (Red queen-Elizabeth) under suitable and unified conditions for all plants of the two cultivars in the green house, supplemented by two kinds of water. The first is distilled water to which we added some salts of compound fertilizer of N: P: K with 1:0.5:1.5 to create different levels of electrical conductivity (0- 1- 1.5- 2) ds/m. The second is tap water where the electrical conductivity is 0.30 ds/m and so we added salts of compound fertilizer of N: P: K with 1:0.5:1.5 to it to create other levels of electrical conductivity (1- 1.5- 2) ds/m. One year old plants were used and many variables were studied. Results showed that when EC was increased above 1ds/m, the growth of the plant decreased including the number of flowers and leaves. It was clear that tab was better than distilled water.
Anthurium; Cultivars; EC; Distilled water; Tap water; Flower cluster; Leaves; Diameter of cluster