The Wondrous Kiwifruit--Origin, Cultivation and Utilization
Candy S. Rice1,2
International Journal of Horticulture, 2017, Vol. 7, No. 1 doi: 10.5376/ijh.2017.07.0001
Received: 16 Jan., 2017 Accepted: 19 Jan., 2017 Published: 20 Jan., 2017
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Preferred citation for this article:
Xu H.H., Wei F., Yang N., Zhao J., Yang J.H., and Lv S.H., 2017, The Wondrous Kiwifruit--Origin, Cultivation and Utilization, International Journal of Horticulture, 7(1): 1-6 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2017.07.0001)
The kiwifruit (Actinidia) is an economically and nutritionally important fruit crop with remarkably high content of vitamin C and minerals in friut or juice, which has the medicinal value of anti-mutation and anti-cancer and is popular all over the world. Its origin extends from the equator (in Indonesia) to 50° north latitude (in Siberia) and China is the centre of the geographic distribution of Actinidia. There are 66 species in Actinidia, among which 62 species are in China and the majority of them are endemic to China. A. chinensis and A. Deliciosa are two species that are most common in the market. This research summarized the biological characteristics, geographical distribution and species, domestication and introduction, and application value of kiwifruit in the hope of providing a theoretical basis for the comprehensive utilization of kiwi in the future.
Kiwifruit; Biological characteristics; Geographical distribution and species; Domestication and introduction; Value of utilization
International Journal of Horticulture
• Volume 7