Research Report

The Wondrous Kiwifruit--Origin, Cultivation and Utilization  

Xu Honghua1 , Yang Na2 , Zhao Jia2 , Yang Jiahui2 , Candy S. Rice1,2
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2017, Vol. 7, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2017.07.0001
Received: 16 Jan., 2017    Accepted: 19 Jan., 2017    Published: 20 Jan., 2017
© 2017 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Xu H.H., Wei F., Yang N., Zhao J., Yang J.H., and Lv S.H., 2017, The Wondrous Kiwifruit--Origin, Cultivation and Utilization, International Journal of Horticulture, 7(1): 1-6 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2017.07.0001)

Abstract

The kiwifruit (Actinidia) is an economically and nutritionally important fruit crop with remarkably high content of vitamin C and minerals in friut or juice, which has the medicinal value of anti-mutation and anti-cancer and is popular all over the world. Its origin extends from the equator (in Indonesia) to 50° north latitude (in Siberia) and China is the centre of the geographic distribution of Actinidia. There are 66 species in Actinidia, among which 62 species are in China and the majority of them are endemic to China. A. chinensis and A. Deliciosa are two species that are most common in the market. This research summarized the biological characteristics, geographical distribution and species, domestication and introduction, and application value of kiwifruit in the hope of providing a theoretical basis for the comprehensive utilization of kiwi in the future.

Keywords
Kiwifruit; Biological characteristics; Geographical distribution and species; Domestication and introduction; Value of utilization
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International Journal of Horticulture
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. Xu Honghua
. Yang Na
. Zhao Jia
. Yang Jiahui
. Candy S. Rice
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