Research Article

Arduino Board in the Automation of Agriculture in Mexico, A Review  

Jaime Cuauhtemoc Negrete1 , Eugenio Romantchik Kriuskova2 , Gilberto De Jesus Lopez Canteñs2 , Christian Israel Zuñiga Avila3 , Gamaliel Lopez Hernandez3
1 Independent Resarch in agricultural mechatronics, graduate in Agrarian Autonomous Antonio Narro University, Posgraduate in Faculty of agronomy Eliseu Maciel of UfPel, Brazil
2 Chapingo Autonomous University, Mexico
3 Chapingo Autonomous University, Mexico
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2018, Vol. 8, No. 6   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2018.08.0006
Received: 05 Feb., 2018    Accepted: 10 Feb., 2018    Published: 16 Mar., 2018
© 2018 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Negrete J.C., Romantchik E.K., Lopez G.D.J.C., Zuñiga C.I.A., and Lopez G.H., Arduino board in the automation of agriculture in Mexico, a review, International Journal of Horticulture, 8(6): 52-68 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2018.08.0006)

Abstract

As of the beginning of the 21st century, the rural labor force in México continues to be important, but it is shrinking. Traditional farming methods of small plots worked by families and small communities continue to dominate in many regions, especially those with large indigenous populations such as the Southern Plateau. In these areas, the main crops are corn, beans and squash, as in the Mesoamerican period. Many farmers still subsist thanks to self-consumption agriculture and earn money by selling surplus crops in local markets, especially in central and southern Mexico.Faced with this situation, the automation of small and large scale agriculture is of colossal importance, since applying mechatronic technologies to agriculture would help detonate productivity in the Mexican agriculture, an important role in this situation is of the Arduino board, for its versatility and its low cost, from the review of literature made highlights the amount of research work and design proposals for systems based on the Arduino board with application in Indian agriculture, over the other countries in which it is used. Reason why our country should emphasize this application of this low-cost and easy-to-apply technology to raise the productivity of agricultural activities that are so lacking in the current era.

Keywords
Farming; Mexico; Automatization; Agronomy; Microcontroller
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