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Research Article

Variation in the Determination of Macronutrient Absorption by Micronutrients in Certain Stionic Combinations of Grape  

S.D. Shikhamany , J.N. Kalbhor , T.S. Shelke , T.S. Mungare
R & D Division, Maharashtra State Grape Growers’ Association, Manjri Farm Post, Pune 411032, India
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2018, Vol. 8, No. 18   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2018.08.0018
Received: 06 Sep., 2018    Accepted: 03 Oct., 2018    Published: 30 Nov., 2018
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Shikhamany S.D., Kalbhor J.N., Shelke T.S., and Mungare T.S., 2018, Variation in the determination of macronutrient absorption by micronutrients in certain stionic combinations of grape, International Journal of Horticulture, 8(18): 204-214 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2018.08.0018)

Abstract

Investigations were carried out through a survey of vineyards of Thompson Seedless and 2A clone on their own root and Dog Ridge rootstock to identify those micronutrients which have positive relationship with major nutrient absorption and the stionic combinations in which such relationship exists. Relationship of major nutrient absorption with micronutrient status was highly complex, which could be attributed to variation in their absorption due to their relative abundance, variety and rootstock, and interactions among them. Results of the investigations indicated that none of the micronutrients could influence the absorption of N in any stionic combination. Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu together determined the absorption of Na highest in 2A clone on Dog Ridge rootstock, followed by the determination of P and S in Thompson Seedless on Dog Ridge. Mn contributed most towards the determination of P, K, Ca, Mg, S and Na across the stionic combinations. P absorption increased with higher levels of Mn and Cu respectively above 66.0 and 111.9 ppm, but decreased above 121.1 ppm of Zn in TS/DR. It increased with increasing levels of Mn above 129.8 ppm in 2A/OR and Zn levels above 121.2 ppm in 2A/DR. Higher levels of petiole Cu above 105.4 ppm and of Mn below 435.9 ppm increased K absorption in TS/DR. Levels of Mn above 210.2 ppm in 2A/OR, of Cu above 155.6 ppm and Mn at any level in 2A/DR were also associated with higher absorption of K. Calcium absorption increased with Fe levels above 116.7 ppm and Mn levels above 106.3 ppm in TS/OR. The increase in Ca absorption was limited to 466.7 and 500 ppm respectively of Fe and Mn in 2A/DR. Fe levels above 100 ppm resulted in increased Ca absorption in 2A/OR. Increased Mg absorption was associated with petiole Zn levels above 65.2 ppm in TS/OR, with any level of Mn and Zn levels up to 96.7 ppm in 2A/OR. It also increased with Zn levels above 112.9 ppm, but Mn levels up to 650 ppm in 2A/DR. Sulphur absorption increased with increasing contents of petiole Mn to any level and Cu levels above 149.3 ppm, but its increase was limited to 118.8 ppm of Zn in 2A/OR. Reduced absorption of Na was associated with increasing levels of Mn above 209.6 ppm in TS/OR, and with increasing levels of Fe, Mn and Zn respectively above 63.6, 257.1 and 117.1 ppm in 2A/OR. Increasing levels of Fe an Mn respectively above 516.6 and 380.8 ppm, but Zn levels below 66.7 ppm also reduced Na absorption in 2A/DR. Management of micronutrient levels above their threshold levels and below optimum levels corresponding to major nutrient absorption could help in increased absorption of P, K, Ca, Mg and S but reduced absorption of Na in different stionic combinations.

Keywords
Grape; Varieties; Rootstocks; Major nutrients; Micro nutrient absorption
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