Intercropping Systems in Mango Orchard for Rainfed Area of Central India  

Raut R.L.1 , Jain P.K.2
1. Krishi, Vigyan Kendra, JNKVV, Betul Bazar, Betul (M.P.), 460004, India
2. Department of Horticulture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur 482004(M.P.), India
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Horticulture, 2013, Vol. 3, No. 15   doi: 10.5376/ijh.2013.03.0015
Received: 07 Apr., 2013    Accepted: 11 Apr., 2013    Published: 22 Apr., 2013
© 2013 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Raut et al., 2013, Intercropping Systems in Mango Orchard for Rainfed Area of Central India, International Journal of Horticulture, 2013, Vol.3, No.15 87-90 (doi: 10.5376/ijh.2013.03.0015)

Abstract

The experiment was conducted to assess the effect of intercrops on growth characters (plant height, girth and canopy area) and yield of main crop mango and vise-versa. The intercrops influenced the growth of main plants and increase in plant height and canopy area of the mango and it was found maximum with paddy followed by black gram intercrops. However, the canopy of the base crop also affects the growth and yield of intercrops and it is observed that the under canopy intercrops performed poor compared to open field. Fruit yield and return out of sold fruits of mango were found maximum with intercrops blakgram. Maximum number of fruits was observed with intercrop blackgram whereas, maximum average fruit weight was found in pigeon pea. The maximum net return, paddy equivalent yield and B:C ratio were obtained from intercrop ginger. The nutrient status of orchard soil also found improved after intercropping. 

Keywords
Intercropping; Mango; Filler plants; Growth characters; Yield
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