Is orthodontic treatment causes bacterial endocarditis? A Review based random study  

Siddharth Sonwane1 , P. Ganesh2 , B. Sunil  Kumar3
1. Assistant professor, Department of orthodontics, Mansarovar Dental College Bhopal, MP State India;
2. Professor, Department of orthodontics, HKE SNDental college Gulbarga, Karnataka State, India;
3. Professor, Department of orthodontics, HKE SNDental college Gulbarga, Karnataka State, India;
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Molecular Medical Science, 2013, Vol. 3, No. 2   doi: 10.5376/ijmms.2013.03.0002
Received: 07 Mar., 2013    Accepted: 15 Mar., 2013    Published: 14 Jun., 2013
© 2013 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Siddharth et al., 2013, Is Orthodontic Treatment Causes Bacterial Endocarditis? A Review Based Random Study, International Journal of Molecular Medical Science, Vol.3, No.2 6-12 (doi: 10.5376/ijmms.2013.03.0002)

Abstract

Bacteremia is the presence of viable bacteria in the circulating blood. In patients at risk because of heart disease, bacteremia induced by invasive dental treatments have been reported as a cause of bacterial endocarditis (BE) a serious disorder that continues to involve a high mortality. With the growing demand for orthodontic treatment in industrialized countries, orthodontists are increasingly encountering patients with heart lesions who are at risk of developing bacterial endocarditis. Advances in our knowledge of the etiopathogenesis of bacterial endocarditis have placed increasingly less importance on invasive dental treatments as a causal with increasingly greater importance being placed on factors associated with oral health and orthodontic treatment.

Keywords
Bacteremia; Endocarditis; Mortality; Oral health; Orthodontic treatment
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