A Letter

A Study on Indonesian Mollusk Fishery and its Prospect for Economy  

Selly Kartika , Yongtong Mu
Department of Fishery, Faculty of Fishery Resources, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, 266100, China
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2014, Vol. 4, No. 5   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2014.04.0005
Received: 27 Oct., 2013    Accepted: 06 Nov., 2013    Published: 08 Jan., 2014
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Kartika and Mu, 2014, A Study on Indonesian Mollusk Fishery and its Prospect for Economy, International Journal of Marine Science, 4: 61-66 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2014.04.0005)

Abstract

Indonesia is abundant in various mollusk species, which can be of commercial importance and has significant roles in the marine ecosystem. This study attempts to analyze the current condition of Indonesian mollusk fishery and its prospect for economy. The results showed Indonesianproduction of molluskstend to increase in most years but fluctuated in some individual years during the last 60 years or so. Additionally, there has been a decrease-moving in the production growth rates of mollusks in every 20-year period from 1950 to 2011, withthe average growth rate in the period from 1950 to 1969 is 47.78%, then after that period mollusk production is decreasing 22.02% (1970-1989) and 11.35% (1990-2011). It was also found thatIndonesia trade in molluskproducts grew significantly; rising from US$ 803 thousand in 1976 to US$ 8.24 million in 2009, with the highest mollusk value at US$ 18.67 million in 2006, with the major mollusk product is miscellaneous molluscs in terms of both quantity and value during 1976-2009. Hence,the paper has suggested the government and other stakeholders had better to give more serious attention to the developing mollusks and manage mollusks into tangible economic assets. It is because mollusks can be an important component offuture national income.

Keywords
Mollusks; Fishery; Economic; Production; Export; Indonesia

1 Introduction
Indonesia has a large maritime zone about some 5.8 million km2 consisting of archipelagic waters, territorial seas, and Exclusive Economic Zones. It’s coastline is more than 81,000 km long, its sustainable fisheries (Maximum Sustainable Yield) of all kinds are about 6.4 millions tons a year while. Its total allowable catch (TAC) is estimated at 80% amounting to about 5.12 million tons annually (MMAF and JICA, 2011). Consequently, Indonesia has enormous potential in marine and fishery resources.
Mollusks are one of Indonesia’s marine and fishery resources found in coral reefs, mangroves as well as sandy, muddy and rocky ground.It has been found that there are approximately 15,000 species of mollusks in Indonesia by LIPI (The Indonesian Institute of Science). In addition, mollusk biodiversity in Indonesia reaches 40% of the total species of the world (Mallawa, n.d.).
Mollusks play significant role in the
International Journal of Marine Science
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