Excogitated Coastal Tourism Competitiveness by Implementing Eco-tourism in Anyer, Banten, Indonesia  

Hengky Sumisto Halim
School of Tourism, Hospitality, and Environmental Management (STHEM), college of Law, Government, and International Studies (COLGIS), Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM), Sintok, Malaysia; Associate Professor TRIGUNA, School of Economic, Bogor, Indonesia; CUIC (Centre for University Industry Collaboration) Fellow, UUM; Director of SHINE Institute, Bogor, Indonesia
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2014, Vol. 4, No. 7   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2014.04.0007
Received: 06 Nov., 2013    Accepted: 06 Dec., 2013    Published: 08 Jan., 2014
© 2014 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
The aim of the research is to conserve Anyer coastal environment from negative environmental impact and improving coastal and coastline competitiveness by implementing the ecotourism concept. 216 data were collected by triangulation technique: open observation; structured interview, and interview, in the one-year Anyer sub-district and tabulated by content analysis based on ecotourism and competitiveness concepts with zoning and landscaping as well. It conserved spatial planning and decreased hospitality industry pollution and coral reef and seaweed as well as open new sea natural scenery, following coastline border regulation and conserve: coastal environment from utilizing coastal ecotourism activities. It also develops open new natural sea view and water recreation opportunity spectrum provided with water resources as an along the coastline zone, and coastal ecotourism attractions with undersea life.
Keywords
Ecotourism; Coastal tourism; Competitiveness; Zoning; Landscaping; Anyer
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