Effect on White Gut and White Feces Disease in Semi Intensive Litopenaeus vannamei Shrimp Culture System in South Indian State of Tamilnadu  

Durai V1 , B. Gunalan2 , P. Micheal Johnson2 , M. L. Maheswaran2 , M. Pravinkumar2
1. Shrimp Aquaculture Technician, Sirkali, India
2. Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Parangipettai – 608 502, Tamilnadu, India
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2015, Vol. 5, No. 14   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2015.05.0014
Received: 21 Jan., 2015    Accepted: 28 Feb., 2015    Published: 18 Mar., 2015
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Durai et al., 2015, Effect on white gut and white feces disease in semi intensive Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp culture system in south Indian state of Tamilnadu, International Journal of Marine Science, Vol.5, No.14 1-5 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2015.05.0014)

Abstract

Litopenaeus vannamei is a new species to India; right now culture technology is not comparable with black tiger shrimp. Bearing all those in mind the present study was carefully carried out. In the present study an attempt has been made to culture the white leg shrimp, L. vannamei in two ponds each with 0.6 ha in Kodakaramulai, Sirkali taluk, Nagai District, Tamilnadu. The salinity of the two ponds was ranging between 22-30 ppt and DO values fluctuated between 4.0 mg/l and 5.0 mg/l in the morning and between 4.5 mg/l and 6.5 mg/l in the evening. Ammonia was recorded maximum 0.3ppm and minimum was 0.1ppm. During the culture after 50th DOC there was a poor growth observed in both ponds due to white gut and white fecal matter. Immediately feed probiotic (Bacillus sp) mix with the feed for three weeks and two meals per day. The problem was slowly rectified. The maximum Survival 85% in pond 2 and 82% survival was recorded in pond1. The present study confirm that, shrimp farming community need more awareness to use feed probiotic, proper water qualitymanagement and feed management is essential for the successful culture.

Keywords
Semi intensive culture; White gut; White feces (fecal); Litopenaeus vannamei; Shrimp disease
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