Socio-economics Status and Adaptations of Purse Seine Fishermen in Bali Coastal Village, Indonesia  

Achmad Zamroni
Research Center for Marine and Fisheries Socio Economics, Ministry for Marine and Fisheries, Indonesia
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2015, Vol. 5, No. 20   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2015.05.0020
Received: 07 Jan., 2015    Accepted: 27 Feb., 2015    Published: 25 Mar., 2015
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Zamroni, A. 2015, Socio-economics status and adaptations of purse seine fishermen in Bali coastal village, Indonesia, International Journal of Marine Science, Vol.5, No.20 1-16 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2015.05.0020)

Abstract

The Bali Strait of Indonesia has been experienced in "fish crisis" that negatively affected the economic conditions of small scale fishing communities living surrounding the region. This study aimed to analyze the socio-economic conditions of fishermen and their adaptation strategies to address these “crisis”. The study also investigated the existing fishery management policies and has identified the problems in controlling and managing fisheries in the Bali Strait. Primary data were collected from 30 fishermen using structured and semi-structured questionnaires. Secondary data, such as statistical data and reports from previous studies, were used as preliminary information. The data were analyzed by using descriptive analysis, comparative analysis and qualitative contents analysis. The results of the study showed that the income among fishermen is highly variable. Although fishermen have part-time jobs outside of fisheries during the time of ‘fish crisis’, their incomes decreased approximately 36.43% particularly during the lean season of the year. The results showed that fisheries management did not contribute to the sustainable fishery resource base and benefiting fishermen primarily in these two provinces. The results indicate that the joint agreements between the two provinces of East Java and Bali over the last 33 years did not effectively support to the management of fisheries in Bali Strait. In addition, law enforcement against violations is perceived as one of the main factor for poor fisheries management in Bali Strait.

Keywords
Purse seine fishery; Resource depletion; Fisheries management; Sardinella lemuru (SL); Bali Strait
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