Potential Harmful Dinoflagellates of Iraqi Coastal Marine Waters  

F.H. Ibrahim , I.J.M. Al-Shawi
Marine Science Center, University of Basrah, Iraq
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2015, Vol. 5, No. 60   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2015.05.0060
Received: 17 Jul., 2015    Accepted: 28 Sep., 2015    Published: 28 Dec., 2015
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Preferred citation for this article:

Ibrahem H.F., and Al-Shawi I.J.M., 2015, Potential Harmful Dinoflagellates of Iraqi Coastal Marine Waters, International Journal of Marine Science, 5(60): 1-6 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2015.05.0060)

Abstract
Ecological scientists in many countries routinely monitor their coastal waters for potential harmful algae in order to prevent harvesting of contaminated sea food, but this is not the cause for Iraq The present work is the first attempt to recognize the potential harmful algae in the coastal waters of Iraq. Samples were collected from different locations along Shatt Al-Arab estuary and coastal line of Iraq for two years from February 2013 to December 2014. The water temperature during sampling period ranging between (26.67?-31.84?) at all stations. The salinity were fluctuated between (15-45.7) %, N:P ratio were (3-26). In this study (16) species of potential harmful algae were recorded during this period some of these are toxic. The dominate species were Ceratium furca, Dinophysis caudata, Dinophysis mile, Noctiluca scintillans, Prorocentrum micans, Protoperidinium divergensP. despressum. Four species were recorded for first time in Iraqi costal waters including C. declinatum, Dinophysis acuminatum, Protoperidinium steini and P. subinerme.
Keywords
HABs; Iraqi coastal marine water; toxic algae; dinoflagellates
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