Research Article

Marine Cyanobacterium (Synechocystis salina) as Supplementary Feed for Shrimp (Penaeus monodon)  

Kollimalai Sakthivel , Kandasamy Kathiresan
Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Parangipettai – 608 502, Tamil Nadu, India
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 35   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2016.06.0035
Received: 28 Oct., 2015    Accepted: 02 Oct., 2016    Published: 05 Oct., 2016
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Sakthivel K. and Kathiresan K., 2016, Marine Cyanobacterium (Synechocystis salina) as Supplementary Feed for Shrimp (Penaeus monodon), International Journal of Marine Science, 6(35): 1-8 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2016.06.0035)

Abstract

Marine cyanobacterium Synechocystis salina was tested as a supplementary feed for the shrimp Penaeus monodon. The feed increased average length of the shrimp significantly (p<0.05) by 16.95%. The feed decreased significantly the consumption (37.14%), fecal output (19.64%), assimilation (44.04%), metabolism (73.78%) and assimilation efficiency (10.68 %) in the shrimp. However, the feed increased the gross conversion efficiency (45.75%) and net conversion efficiency (63.19%) in the shrimp, whereas the feed decreased the conversion efficiency (30%) and food conversion ratio (42.81%) in the shrimp. The feed significantly increased levels of carbohydrate (30.6%) and lipid (12.5%) in the shrimp. The results suggested that Synechocystis salina was a suitable supplementary feed to the shrimp Penaeus monodon, based on higher gross conversion efficiency and biochemical constituents and lower food conversion ratio.

Keywords
Penaeus monodon; Marine Cyanobacteria; Synechocystis salina; Supplementary feed; Food conversion ratio
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