Review Article

Ecotoxicology and Monitoring of Toxic Pollutants in the Marine Environment- A Review  

M. Mohan , Jyothy S , Navya Cherian , Toms Augustine , K. Sreedharan , V. G. Gopikrishna
School of Environmental Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam-686560, India
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 9   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2016.06.0009
Received: 11 Nov., 2015    Accepted: 24 Mar., 2016    Published: 28 Mar., 2016
© 2016 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Mohan M., Gopikrishna V.G., Cherian N., Jyothy S., Augustine T., and Sreedharan K., 2016, Monitoring of Toxic Pollutants in the Marine Environment- A Review, International Journal of Marine Science, 6(9): 1-20 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2016.06.0009)

Abstract

Since the turn of the century, the marine environment is getting adulterated day by day due to several anthropogenic activities which eventually leads to marine biodiversity loss. Land-based sources play a key role in polluting the marine environment. The pollutants once entered the marine ecosystem has got a chance to transform chemically or biologically, bioaccumulate or even biomagnify. Heavy metals, plastics, POPs, radioactive materials and other contaminants contribute much to the marine pollution. The resultant outcome of this voluminous oceanic pollution is a real threat to the entire biota. This chapter throws light on the various impacts of toxic pollutants on the marine ecosystems and the effective monitoring possibilities.

Keywords
Marine environment; Ecotoxicology; Toxic pollutants; Heavy metals
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