A Study of pH Values in the Shatt Al-Arab River (Southern Iraq)
Safaa A. R. Al-Asadi
Haide Department of Geography, Collage of Education, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
International Journal of Marine Science, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 29 doi: 10.5376/ijms.2016.06.0029
Received: 13 Jun., 2016 Accepted: 17 Aug., 2016 Published: 29 Aug., 2016
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Preferred citation for this article:
Al-Asadi S.A.A.R., 2016, A Study of pH Values in the Shatt Al-Arab River (Southern Iraq), International Journal of Marine Science, 6(29): 1-8 (doi: 10.5376/IJMS.2016.06.0029)
This study attempts to investigate the factors affecting pH values in the Shatt Al-Arab River with emphasis on their Spatial and temporal variations. The pH values were measured in situ by using WTW Multi-meter, for three important stations (along the region extended from Basrah city to Al-Fao town) during 2013.
The average spatial values varied from 7.71 at Basrah to 7.96 at Abul Khaseeb to 8.09 at Fao. While temporally the result showed that the pH values varied from 7.38 at spring season to 8.24 at summer season. These variations of pH values are due to spatial and temporal variations in indoor environmental conditions. The temporal variation of pH values observed during the period 1977-2013 showed that the Shatt Al- Arab water has a good buffering for changing pH values. Also, the daily fluctuations of pH values in the river was small, where pH change varied from 6.96 to 7.52
pH variation; Shatt Al- Arab River; Alkalinity; Water quality; Southern Iraq
International Journal of Marine Science
• Volume 6