Research Report

Short-term Evaluation of Graded Levels of Dietary Garlic Powder (Allium sativum L.) as Growth Promoter on Growth, Survival and Feed Utilization of Redbelly Tilapia, Tilapia zillii Reared in Glass Aquaria Tanks  

Olufemi O. Ajiboye1 , Rashida Qari2
1 Aquaculture Department, Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research, PMB 4015, Sapele, Delta State, Nigeria
2 Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 34   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2016.06.0034
Received: 14 Jul., 2016    Accepted: 28 Sep., 2016    Published: 30 Sep., 2016
© 2016 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Ajiboye O.O. and Qari R., 2016, Short-term Evaluation of Graded Levels of Dietary Garlic Powder (Allium sativum L.) as Growth Promoter on Growth, Survival and Feed Utilization of Redbelly Tilapia, Tilapia zillii Reared in Glass Aquaria Tanks, International Journal of Marine Science, 6(34): 1-7 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2016.06.0034)

Abstract

Research findings on garlic-supplemented diets as growth promoters, immune-stimulants and antistress in tilapia species are well documented. In spite of this, an ideal dosage, duration regime, and mode of administration for garlic (Allium sativum) to obtain significant growth rates in tilapia production are yet to be well tested. Thus, the present study demonstrated a laboratory experiment to optimize the optimum graded level for the growth, nutrient utilization and survival of red belly Tilapia zillii reared in twelve glass aquaria tanks for 28 days. One hundred and eighty T. zillii fry with average body weight of 0.03 g were randomly stocked in each aquarium with average water holding capacity of 0.01m3 and at a stocking density of 15 fish / glass aquarium. Experimental fish were fed diets supplemented with garlic powder (GP) at 0 (control), 1%, 2%, and 3% / kg diet at a ratio of 3% of their body weight for a period of 28 days. The results of this study revealed that fish group fed on GP at 3% graded level had significant (P < 0.05) higher final weight (7.59g), mean weight gain (7.56), average daily gain (0.27mg/fish/day), survival rate (93.30%) and better feed conversion ratio (0.69) when compared to other treatments. There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in the water quality parameters recorded among all the treatments. The study recommends that T. zillii should be fed on a garlic-containing diet at3% / kg diet to achieve significant growth rates and to reduce the stunted growth which is the bottleneck in tilapia industries. Further research to analyze the functional mechanism behind the physiological activity of garlic-supplemented diets in different finfish species is proffered.

Keywords
Tilapia zillii; Garlic powder; Immune-stimulants; Antistress; Growth promoter; Feed
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