Vertical Turbulent at Thermocline Layer in Makassar Strait  

Dahlia Prihatini1 , Mulia  Purba2 , Yuli  Naulita2 , Adi Purwandana3
1 IPB Graduate School,Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor; Indonesia
2 Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor; Indonesia
3 Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Jakarta; Indonesia
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 51   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2016.06.0051
Received: 17 Aug., 2016    Accepted: 30 Sep., 2016    Published: 09 Dec., 2016
© 2016 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Prihatini D et al., 2016, Vertical Turbulent at Thermocline Layer in Makassar Strait, International Journal of Marine Science, 6(51): 1-10 (doi:10.5376/ijms.2016.06.0051)

Abstract

Makassar Strait is one of the main passage of Indonesian Throughflow (ITF). The purpose of this research is to study the spatial distribution of vertical turbulent at thermocline layer (at a depth about 100-350 m) of the Makassar Strait and to analyze the forcing that trigger it. Hydrographic data obtained from Widya Nusantara Expedition (Ewin) in June 2013, which consists of 29 CTD stations spread across Makassar Strait were use for this study. Water-mass test of GK test was applied to the CTD data to eliminate density inversion caused by noise. The result of this study show that an active turbulent with kinetic energy dissipation rate (ε) of 0(10-9 -10-8) Wkg-1 and diffusivity vertical of Kρ 0(10-5 -10-3) m2s-1.  These results were categorized as relatively strong vertical turbulent and found at a depth of 100-200 m in the northern part of the strait at the entrance of Arlindo. Meanwhile at the southern part of the strait near the exit passage of Arlindo, the vertical turbulent was more intensive on the west side of the strait with ε (10-9) Wkg-1 and Kρ (10-4) m2s-1.

Keywords
Makassar strait; Vertical turbulent; Kinetik energy dissipation rate; Diffusivitas vertical; Thermocline layer
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