Conservation and Management of Tuna Fisheries in the Indian Ocean and Indian Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs)  

P. Satheeshkumar , N.G.K. Pillai
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi- Kerala 682018, India
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2013, Vol. 3, No. 24   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2013.03.0024
Received: 08 Apr., 2013    Accepted: 27 Apr., 2013    Published: 01 May, 2013
© 2013 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Pillai and Satheeshkumar, 2013, Conservation and Management of Tuna Fisheries in the Indian Ocean and Indian EEZ, International Journal of Marine Science, Vol.3, No.24 187-192 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2013.03.0024)

Abstract

The focus of the study is to explore the recent trend and stock status of Indian Ocean and Indian EEZ, and its conservation and sustainable management of tuna fishereis. In the Indian Ocean, tuna catches increased rapidly from about 179 959 t in 1980 to about 832 246 t in 1995. They have continued to increase up to 2005; the catch was 1 318 648 t, forming about 26% of the world catch. However, since 2006 onwards there was a decline in tuna catch and in 2010 the catch was only 1 257 908 t. Tuna production in India which was continued to increase with fluctuations from 63 633 t during 2001-2005, average 78 400 t during 2006-2010, and in 2010 the catch was only 65 863 t. Tuna is an important but not a well managed fishery in the Indian Ocean and Indian EEZ. The Indian Ocean stock is currently overfished and has no proper management regulations aimed at with sustaining the stock. In the present study, sustainable management system is evaluated with information on tuna landings, stock status and major issues on tuna fishery. To address these major issues, appropriate tuna fishing policies are proposed to help sustainable development and management of tuna fishery resource in the Indian Ocean.

Keywords
Tuna; Fisheries; IOTC; Resource; Sustainable management; Conservation
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