Levels of Organochlorines Contaminants on Fish Species from Coastal Area in the Southeastern Brazil  

Aldo Pacheco Ferreira
Center for the Study of Workers Health and Human Ecology, Sergio Arouca National School of Public Health (Cesteh/Ensp/Fiocruz). Rua Leopoldo Bulhões, 1480-21.041-210, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2013, Vol. 3, No. 26   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2013.03.0026
Received: 14 Apr., 2013    Accepted: 15 May, 2013    Published: 20 May, 2013
© 2013 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Ferreira, 2013, Levels of Organochlorines Contaminants on Fish Species from Coastal Area in the Southeastern Brazil, International Journal of Marine Science, Vol.3, No.26 201-211 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2013.03.0026)

Abstract

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Dibenzo-p-Dioxins (PCDDs), Dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are highly lipophilic persistent organochlorines contaminants competent to resist degradation and with the ability to bioaccumulate through the food chain. Concentrations were determined in four species of edible fish from Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: marine catfish ( Genidens genidens ), false herring ( Harengula clupeola ), chere-chere grunt ( Haemulum steidachneri ), and barracuda ( Sphyraena sphyraena ) which were collected in July-August 2012. PCBs and PCDD/Fs and were determined by high-resolution mass spectrometer (HRGC/HRMS) according to the US EPA 1613B, 8290A, and US EPA 1668B methods. The focal objective of the assessment was to obtain information about existing levels of pollutants, having as a consequence the possibility of providing preventive actions for public health, as well as encourage the development of mitigation measures. The concentration of total PCDDs/PCDFs ranged from 0.10105~0.2141 pg-WHO-TEQ/g ww and PCBs ranged from 0.08834~0.62304 pg-WHO-TEQ/g ww. Judging from the European Union regulation limit levels of PCDD/PCDFs and PCDD/PCDFs/PCBs were lower than the criteria in all samples, however it is important to systematize environmental monitoring.

Keywords
PCBs; PCDD/Fs; Fish; Sepetiba Bay; Brazil
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