Research Report

Iatrogenic Water Intoxication in A Persian Cat: A Case Report  

Fizzah Khan Lodhi
Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (38000), Punjab, Pakistan
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Molecular Veterinary Research, 2018, Vol. 8, No. 2   doi: 10.5376/ijmvr.2018.08.0002
Received: 01 Dec., 2017    Accepted: 16 Dec., 2017    Published: 19 Jan., 2018
© 2018 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Lodhi F.K., 2018, Iatrogenic water intoxication in a persian cat: a case report, 8(2): 4-8 (doi: 10.5376/ijmvr.2018.08.0002)

Abstract

Iatrogenic water intoxication is an uncommon emergency syndrome characterized by acute hyponatremia clinically evident by neurological signs such including nausea, vomiting, seizures, altered mentation and eventually death if not addressed. Patient’s serum sodium level is keen regulatory measure for evaluating and treating acute and chronic cases of water intoxication. Present study demonstrates a cat patient in which subcutaneous administration of 5% dextrose in water to compensate body fluid deficits further detoriate the illness and induced neurological signs. Cat was treated with on-hand 0.9% NaCl solution to equilibrate sodium at an appropriate level in intracellular and extracellular spaces. The selection of fluid as supplemental therapy is very critical keeping in view the condition of patient, as it can exaggerate ailment by interrupting vital functions rather than rehabilitating from illness.

Keywords
Hyponatremia; Subcutaneous; 5% dextrose; 0.9% NaCl
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International Journal of Molecular Veterinary Research
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