Obstructive Urolithiasis in Canine- Ultrasonographic and Radiographic Observations  

Prem Singh , S.K. Chawla , Subash Chander , S.M. Behl , R.K. Chandolia , Rishi Tayal
College of Veterinary Sciences, LLRUVAS, Hisar-125004
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Molecular Veterinary Research, 2013, Vol. 3, No. 4   doi: 10.5376/ijmvr.2013.03.0004
Received: 11 Mar., 2013    Accepted: 20 Mar., 2013    Published: 03 Apr., 2013
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Singh et al., 2013, Obstructive Urolithiasis in Canine- Ultrasonographic and Radiographic Observations, International Journal of Molecular Veterinary Research, Vol.3, No.4 9-12 (doi: 10.5376/ ijmvr.2013.03.0004)

Abstract

Ten dogs, seven male and three female between age group of 5~7 years were brought to TVCC with the history of difficulty in urination. Dogs were not responding to medicinal treatment. The dogs were dull, depressed and dehydrated showing signs of abdominal pain on palpation. Polyethylene catheter could not be passed into the urethra. Blood examination showed mild anemia, increased T.L.C., D.L.C. and PCV values. Biochemical values indicated high creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, SGOT and SGPT. Radiographs showed presence of cystoliths and urethroliths but ultrasonogram showed presence of nephroliths, cystoliths & nephroliths. Dogs were prepared for surgery under xylazine & ketamine combination. Urethrotomy was done to remove all the calculi. Para-median cystotomy was done to remove cystoliths in males and median cystotomy was performed in females. Post-operative care was done with course of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, diuretics, B-complex & fluid therapy and daily antiseptic dressing. Skin sutures & polyethylene catheter were removed after 14 days and all dogs started passing urine normally.

Keywords
Canine; Obstructive urolithiasis; Urethrotomy; Cystotomy radiography ultrasonography
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