Animal Husbandry Practice to Contaminants and Residues of Chemical in Animal Origin Foods and Health Hazard  

Chirag M. Modi , Hitesh B. Patel , Shailesh K. Mody
Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat, India
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Molecular Veterinary Research, 2013, Vol. 3, No. 10   doi: 10.5376/ijmvr.2013.03.0010
Received: 19 May, 2013    Accepted: 23 Sep., 2013    Published: 11 Dec., 2013
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Modi et al., 2013, Animal Husbandry Practice to Contaminants and Residues of Chemical in Animal Origin Foods and Health Hazard, International Journal of Molecular Veterinary Research, Vol.3, No.10 55-61 (doi: 10.5376/ijmvr.2013.03.0010)

Abstract

The consumers increased awareness of a growing chemicalization of animal origin foods (milk, meat, eggs and their products) presents a challenge to the dairy, meat and poultry industry. A great number of chemical compounds are used either directly or indirectly during the production, processing and storage of it. The rate of urbanization and industrialization is increasing day by day in India and all over the world leading to increased environmental pollution in conjunction with it, the inappropriate use of veterinary drugs may induce the presence of residues in food products, which can pose a major threat to public health and this matter is of greatest concern worldwide, as all these factors are causing contamination of food leading to adverse effects of pollutant residues on human health. The stable to table approach to food safety is a holistic approach embracing all elements, which may have an impact on the safety of food, at every level of the food chain from animal feed manufacturers to consumers. The potential for human exposure to hazardous chemical pollutants through consumption of animal origin foods is an issue wrought with scientific and emotional complexities. Animal origin foods are particularly susceptible to contamination with veterinary drugs, pesticides, heavy metals, aflatoxins, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs), nitrate/nitrite/ nitrosamines and detergents/disinfectants to a lesser or greater extents for several reasons. However, the major sources of exposure to hazardous chemical pollutants and environmental chemicals may contaminate animal feed and constitute a hazard not only to animal health but also to human.

Keywords
Animal husbandry; Contaminants; Animal origin foods; Animal health
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