Wildlife Lasting Management the Long of the Conkouati-Douli National Park Coastline to Congo-Brazzaville  

Makosso-Vheiye Georges1 , Massamba Alphonse2 , Massamba Joachim1 , Silou Thomas1
1 Faculty of Science, Marien Ngouabi University, BP 69, Brazzaville, Congo
2 Laboratory of Nutrition, Health, Human and Motor function Superior Institute of Physical Training and Sports, Marien NGOUABI University, BP 1100, Brazzaville, Congo
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Molecular Zoology, 2012, Vol. 2, No. 7   doi: 10.5376/ijmz.2012.02.0007
Received: 07 Oct., 2012    Accepted: 23 Oct., 2012    Published: 16 Nov., 2012
© 2012 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Makosso-Vheiye et al., 2012, Wildlife Lasting Management the Long of the Conkouati-Douli National Park Coastline to Congo-Brazzaville, Intl. J. of Molecular Zoology, Vol.2, No.7, 55-61 (doi: 10.5376/ijmz.2012.02.0007)

Abstract

A transverse study has been led to the Conkouati-Douli National Park (CDNP), among hunters of the region, in order to identify hunters and convenient there pertaining. The investigation, achieved by means of a questionnaire, concerned 52 hunters. Their mean age was of 48.2 years (range: 18~62 years old). Males practised essentially hunt activity. The most group for age was represented by hunters aged less than 46 years (76.9%; p<0.01). Concerning the matrimonial status, 2 topics on three were bachelors. However, most of them (90.4%) had people to load: 46.2% (inferior to 5 peoples), 44.2% between 5 and 10 peoples. Besides, the matrimonial status didn’t link to the type of hunt practised. Hunt was practised all along the year, but with the seasonal variations in dejected game term. Otherwise, 90.4% of these hunters were some permanent residents. Hunt constituted a main activity of the household chief for 67.3% (p<0.01). Among these subjects, 63.5% (p<0.02) of hunters practised an activity of subsistence. Facilities, bought in majority (p<0.001), were dominated by the rifle. In conclusion, hunt within the Conkouati-Douli National Park remain an important part of the food for the population living in the forest. In fact, it exists very little or not of alternatives of rising to provide the sufficient animal protein to communities. However, the diversity of hunt practices contributes to the overexploit of the game, therefore to rarity and/or to the certain species disappearance. Consequently, good governance improves management of the bush meat often integrating claiming of the poor farming populations in majority and needs of the conservation of the resource “wild fauna”.

Keywords
Convenient of hunt; Lasting management; Wild fauna; Conkouati-Douli National Park; Congo (Brazzaville)
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