Distribution of Dengue Vectors during Pre- and Post-Monsoon Seasons in three districts of Punjab, Pakistan  

Muhammad Saleem1 , Ghulam  Ghouse2 , Dilbar Hussain1 , Hafiz Muhammad Saleem1 , Muneer Abbas1
1. Entomological Research Institute, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2. Pest Warning & Quality Control of Pesticides, Punjab, Pakistan
Author    Correspondence author
Journal of Mosquito Research, 2014, Vol. 4, No. 16   doi: 10.5376/jmr.2014.04.0016
Received: 29 Jun., 2014    Accepted: 30 Jul., 2014    Published: 11 Sep., 2014
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Muhammad et al., 2014, Distribution of Dengue Vectors during Pre- and Post-Monsoon Seasons in three districts of Punjab, Pakistan, Journal of Mosquito Research, Vol.4, No.15 1-5 (doi: 10.5376/jmr.2014.04.0015)

Abstract

Entomological surveys were carried out on the dengue vectors (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus) during the pre- and post-monsoon seasons in 2013 from different breeding places in and around the residential areas of three Punjab districts, namely Lahore (217 m), Sheikhupura (214 m) and Faisalabad (184 m) located at different altitudes. Four vector indices (house index, container index, breteau index and premises index) were used to assess the breeding potential of vectors in each district. The house index ranged from 12 to 18 % during pre-monsoon while it was from 14 and 29% due to the post-monsoon season. The container index ranged from 11.40 to 13.17% for the pre-monsoon and from 11.22 to 30.39% for the post-monsoon. Breteau index varied from 11 and 69% during both seasons and the premises index ranged from 24.40 to 44.32%. Entomological survey also revealed that in both seasons, the highest breeding potentiality was recorded in Lahore followed by Sheikhupura and Faisalabad. The high vector indices of Aedes in these areas warrant intensification of vector surveillance activities along with habitat reduction and health education.

Keywords
Mosquito; Aedes aegypti; Aedes albopictus; pre-monsoon; post-monsoon
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