Investigation on the Mosquito Fauna of Shoreline Habitats of Orissa Coast, India  

Swetapadma Dash1 , R.K. Hazra2 , Satpal Singh Bisht3
1. Zoological Survey of India, EBRC, Gopalpur-On-Sea-761002, Orissa, India
2. RMRC, ICMR, Nalco Squre, Bhubaneswar, India
3. Department of Biotechnology, Mizoram University, Aizwal, India
Author    Correspondence author
Journal of Mosquito Research, 2014, Vol. 4, No. 20   doi: 10.5376/jmr.2014.04.0020
Received: 31 Oct., 2014    Accepted: 12 Nov., 2014    Published: 30 Dec., 2014
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Dash et al., 2014, Investigation on the Mosquito Fauna of Shoreline Habitats of Orissa Coast, India, Journal of Mosquito Research, Vol.4, No.20 1-5 (doi: 10.5376/jmr.2014.04.0020)

Abstract

Mosquito faunatic studies were carried out in selected coastal villages of Odisha. Two thousand mosquitoes belonging to 22 species under 6 genera were collected from twelve villages of Puri and Khurda Districts of Orissa. The present investigation deciphered the dominance of Culicine mosquito species (65.59%) in the coastal districts of Orissa. The study proved the dominance of Anopheles subpictus comprising 22.73% of all mosquito population studied and about 65.6% of the overall Anophelines fauna follwed by Anopheles vagus which is dominated by 10.03%. Culex. quinquefasciatus Say and the C. vishnui Theobald group are the common Culicines comprising 17.55% and 10.03% respectively. The species of Armegeres group are also equally prevalent as the Genus Culex. Shanon diversity index of the mosquito species of the two districts has been studied. Khurda District was significantly higher than the diversity in the mosquito community of Puri District of Odisha, India. The changes in mosquito fauna observed from the Orissa coastal area and Chilika Lake are due to the major ecological changes, extensive use of insecticides and development in agricultural practices, industrial development, natural calamities like severe cyclones, after effects of tsunami.

Keywords
Shoreline; Culicine; Shanon diversity index; Diversity
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