Research Report

Cytotaxonomic Examination for Identification of Anopheles culicifacies Sibling Species in Central India  

Varun Tyagi1 , Ajay K. Sharma1 , Ruchi Yadav1 , D. Sukumaran1 , Agrawal O.P.2 , Vijay Veer3
1. Vector Management Division, Defence Research & Development Establishment, Gwalior-474002, India
2. School of Studies in Zoology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh-474002, India
3. Defence Research Laboratory, Tezpur, Assam- 784001, India
Author    Correspondence author
Journal of Mosquito Research, 2015, Vol. 5, No. 20   doi: 10.5376/jmr.2015.05.0020
Received: 22 Sep., 2015    Accepted: 03 Nov., 2015    Published: 21 Nov., 2015
© 2015 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:
Tyagi V., Sharma A.K., Yadav R., Sukumaran D. Agrawal O.P. and Veer V., 2015, Cytotaxonomic Examination for Identification of Anopheles culicifacies Sibling Species in Central India, Journal of Mosquito Research, 5(20): 1-7 (doi: 10.5376/jmr.2015.05.0020)
 
Abstract

Malaria is one of the major public health problems in tropical countries including India. The Madhya Pradesh situated in central part of India and its 8% of the total population contributes about 30% of total malaria cases, 60% of total falciparum cases and 50% of malaria deaths in the country. The major malaria vector in this state is Anopheles culicifacies. The large numbers of cases of malaria in this area are largely due to cessation of vector control activities and deterioration of health services. The vector control mainly relies on the proper identification and distribution of the vector species exists in a particular area. The Anopheles culicifacies is a complex of five morphologically indistinguishable species A, B, C, D and E. Hence the present study was designed to identify and see the distribution of Anopheles culicifacies species in certain districts of Madhya Pradesh. The An. culicifacies mosquitoes were collected from different parts of Madhya Pradesh. The collected mosquitoes were subjected to polytene chromosome preparation for viewing the difference in chromosomal patterns of An. culicifacies sibling species. Sibling species C of An. culicifacies was identified from Hoshangabad (Dhadav and Padav villages) and species D of An. culicifacies was identified from Narsinghpur (Chinki, Bhalpani, Sherpipariya and Gotegaon villages) and Khandwa (Chighdhalia and Narnada Nagar villages).

Keywords
Anopheles culicifacies; Sibling species; Malaria; Polytene chromosome; Central India
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