Research Report

Susceptibility Status of Culex quinquefasciatus to Alphacypermethrin, Bifenthrin and Bendiocarb in Gombe Metropolis  

E. Abba , K. P.  Yoriyo , J.  Philimon , J. Ayuba , B.S.  Abdulmalik , H. Saidu
Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Gombe State University, PMB 127, Gombe, Nigeria
Author    Correspondence author
Journal of Mosquito Research, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 18   doi: 10.5376/jmr.2016.06.0018
Received: 10 Apr., 2016    Accepted: 22 Jun., 2016    Published: 07 Aug., 2016
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Abba E., Yoriyo K.P., Philimon J., Ayuba J., Abdulmalik B.S., and Saidu H., 2016, Susceptibility Status of Culex quinquefasciatus to Alphacypermethrin, Bifenthrin and Bendiocarb in Gombe Metropolis, Journal of Mosquito Research, 6(18): 1-6 (doi: 10.5376/jmr.2016.06.0018

Abstract

Six genera of culicines mosquitoes are known as vectors of several diseases such as yellow fever, dengue and filariasis. Insecticides are commonly used in controlling these vectors either through impregnated nets or by spraying. Susceptibility status of culicine to three different insecticides in Gombe metropolis was carried out between the months of march and may 2011 using the WHO protocol. A total of 1500 Adult female culicines were used for the tests. Mosquitoes from Gombe State University showed 96%, 63%, and 66% susceptibility to Alphacypermethrin (0.75%), Bifenthrin (0.15%) and Bendiocarb (0.1%) respectively. The mosquito samples from Dawaki quarters indicated 92%, 62% and 69% susceptibility to Alphacypermethrin, Bifenthrin, and Bendiocarb respectively; whereas culicines from New market Area showed susceptibility of 90% to Alphacypermethrin, 44% and 69% to Bifenthrin and Bendiocarb respectively. No full susceptibility to any of the chemicals was observed; however, percentage mortality to Alphacypermethrin in all the sites suggests the possibility of resistance that needs to be confirmed but results for Bifenthrin and Bendiocarb indicates resistance of the mosquitoes in all the study sites. In view of this, it is important to implement insecticide resistance monitoring strategy in Gombe State.

Keywords
Susceptibility; Alphacypermethrin; Bifenthrin; Bendiocarb; Gombe
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