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Effects of the Weather on Dengue Infections in Kolkata, India | Poddar 1 | Journal of Mosquito Research

Research Report

Effects of the Weather on Dengue Infections in Kolkata, India  

Sudipta Poddar1 , Pallav Sengupta1 , Goutam Chandra2 , Amiya Kumar Hati3
1 Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Lincoln University College, Malaysia
2 Department of Zoology, University of Burdwan, India
3 Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata, India
Author    Correspondence author
Journal of Mosquito Research, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 21   doi: 10.5376/jmr.2016.06.0021
Received: 10 Jun., 2016    Accepted: 12 Jul., 2016    Published: 08 Dec., 2016
© 2016 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Poddar S., Sengupta P., Chandra G., and Hati A.K., 2016, Effects of the weather on dengue infections in Kolkata, India, Journal of Mosquito Research, 6(21): 1-5 (doi: 10.5376/jmr.2016.06.0021)

Abstract

Environmental elements including weather variables may play important role in the transmission of dengue. The present study has examined the impact of weather variation on dengue transmission in Kolkata, India in the year 2014. The study is conducted on impact of weather variants like various parameters of temperature, rainfall and relative humidity on dengue transmission in the city of Kolkata. Data on monthly-reported cases of dengue in 2014 have been obtained from Gautam Laboratories Imaging and Research Centre, Kolkata. Seasonal variability parameters include maximum, minimum and mean temperature (°C), monthly rainfall (mm), rainy days, total in wetting months (mm) and relative humidity (%). Chi-square test is used to find the differences relating to seasonal variability data. Poisson regression analysis is performed using data on monthly weather variables and dengue cases. In the month of August dengue infection started to disseminate which is found to reach its peak in the month of October. Relative humidity and monthly rainfall are found to be the significant predictors of dengue incidence in Kolkata. Maximum rainfall and humidity during the month of July may trigger the dissemination of dengue and the infections breakout in successive months in Kolkata. Number of dengue cases in Kolkata increased with increase in the number of rainy days as well as relative humidity and a fall of ambient temperature.

Keywords
Dengue cases; Rainfall; Relative humidity; Season; Transmission
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