Research report

Bio-efficacy of Risasi Electric Mosquito Mat Against Anopheles Gambiae Anthropophilic Malaria Vectors  

Eliningaya Keka
1 Department of Medical Parasitology and Entomology, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences, P.O. Box 1464, Mwanza, Tanzania
2 Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, Division of Livestock and Human Diseases Vector Control, Mosquito Section, P.O. Box 3024, Arusha, Tanzania
Author    Correspondence author
Journal of Mosquito Research, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 32   doi: 10.5376/jmr.2016.06.0032
Received: 18 Sep., 2016    Accepted: 30 Oct., 2016    Published: 09 Dec., 2016
© 2016 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract

The bioefficacy of mats prallethrin group of synthetic pyrethroid was studied against laboratory strains of Anopheles gambiae s.s..  This synthetic pyrethroid was evaluated against worn alone and work sock with DEET. Protection efficiency was highest 99.8% in Trap with Slow releasing mat, 92.5% in worn sock sprayed with DEET(20% active ingredient) and least (8.6%) in Trap with worn sock alone. The slow released mosquito electric mat has shown a very high protective efficacy than standard repellent DEET. A worn sock alone showed the normal mosquito attraction trend for all trapping hours which could be indicator of mosquito biting for unprotected group.  This study have shown Mats deterred 99.8% of the mosquitoes from been trapped on the CDC light trap for 10 hours. The use of these formulations as a control tools in reducing man-vector contact is important in controlling residual malaria transmission. In the light of these findings, a synthetic have shown to be efficient in indoor and enclosed outdoor environments against malaria and other biting mosquitoes in Tanzania.

Keywords
Repellents; Anopheles gambiae; Unworn sock; Worn Sock CDC-light trap
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