Research Article

Some Determinant Factors of Malaria Prevalence in Nigeria  

Sunday Etim Bassey , Sylvester Chibueze Izah
Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Author    Correspondence author
Journal of Mosquito Research, 2017, Vol. 7, No. 7   doi: 10.5376/jmr.2017.07.0007
Received: 29 Mar., 2017    Accepted: 12 May, 2017    Published: 31 May, 2017
© 2017 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Bassey S.E., and Izah S.C., 2017, Some determinant factors of Malaria Prevalence in Nigeria, Journal of Mosquito Research, 7(7): 48-58 (doi: 10.5376/jmr.2017.07.0007)

Abstract

Malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality especially in the Sub-Sahara Africa, where significant deaths occur annually. Malaria is majorly caused by a protozoan of the genus Plasmodium which is transmitted by female Anopheles mosquito, an iniquitous dipteran fly. Malaria is endemic in Nigeria as such over 95% are at risk. The prevalence of malaria is depended on certain factors including medical conditions, environment/season and human status viz: pregnancy, blood group, Rhesus factor, age, gender and educational status. As such the predisposing factor of high prevalence of malaria within a location/locality needed to be ascertained in order to effectively manage the infection. 

Keywords
Anopheles mosquito; Nigeria; Parasites; Plasmodium
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