Research Article

Drought Induced Physiological and Biochemical Changes in Leaves of Developing Seedlings of Tea [Camellia sinensis (L) O Kuntze ] Cultivars  

Upadhyaya H.1 , Dutta B.K.2 , Panda S.K.3
1 Department of Botany and Biotechnology, Karimganj College, Karimganj-788710, Assam, India
2 Microbial and Agricultural Ecology Laboratory, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Assam (Central) University, Silchar, 788011, India
3 Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory, School of Life sciences, Assam (Central) University, Silchar, 788011, India
Author    Correspondence author
Journal of Tea Science Research, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 4   doi: 10.5376/jtsr.2016.06.0004
Received: 28 Oct., 2015    Accepted: 15 Dec., 2015    Published: 28 Jan., 2016
© 2016 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Upadhyaya H., Dutta B.K., and Panda S.K., 2016, Drought induced physiological and biochemical changes in leaves of developing seedlings of tea [Camellia sinensis (L) O Kuntze ] cultivars, Journal of Tea Science Research, 6(4), 1-11 (doi: 10.5376/jtsr.2016.06.0004)

Abstract

Drought is one of the important environmental stress affecting agricultural productivity around the world. In this study, an attempt has been made to understand drought induced biochemical alterations in different clones of Camellia sinensis [TV-1, TV-20, TV-29 and TV-30]. Drought stress induced decrease in total chlorophyll and carotenoid, phenolics concentration and increases in proline concentration, lipid peroxidation and polyphenols oxidase activity as a consequent of decrease in leaf relative water content (RWC). Decreased Na+ and K+ concentration caused osmotic stress in leaves decreasing NR activity, and ultimately reducing leaf relative growth rate. Thus, drought induced a range of physiological and biochemical alterations causing membrane damage and loss in cellular functions ultimately leading to reduction in growth of one of the most important economic crop like tea. In comparison, TV-1 showed better drought tolerance by maintaining higher endogenous K+ and proline content and a balance Na+/K+ ratio in leaves.

Keywords
Drought; Relative growth rate(RGR); Chlorophyll; Phenols; Proline; Lipid peroxidation; Camellia sinensis
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