Research Report

Relative Susceptibility and Proximate Composition of Some Imported and Local Rice Varieties to Infestation and Damage by Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)  

Bamisope S. Bamisile , Jacobs Mobolade Adesina , Tom I. Ofuya
1. Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management, Federal University of Technology, P.M. B. 704, Akure, Ondo, State. Nigeria
2. Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, P. M. B. 1019, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Entomology, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 3   doi: 10.5376/me.2014.05.0003
Received: 04 Feb., 2014    Accepted: 14 Feb., 2014    Published: 26 Mar., 2014
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Bamisile et al., 2014, Relative Susceptibility and Proximate Composition of Some Imported and Local Rice Varieties to Infestation and Damage by Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Molecular Entomology, Vol.5, No.3 18-29 (doi: 10.5376/me.2014.05.0003)

Abstract

Ten rice varieties were assessed for their comparative susceptibility and proximate composition to post harvest infestation and damage by Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). The damage parameters used to compare the susceptibility of the rice varieties to S. oryzae were;  percentage mortality 4 weeks after adult insects infestation, number of F1 progeny, percentage grains weight loss and F2 adult emergence. Four weeks post infestation (WPI), almost all the adults introduced to ITA 315 had died (95% mortality rate) which was significantly (P<0.05) higher than death recorded in all other varieties, except Caprice (where 92.5% mortality was recorded). At 8 WPI, there were significant differences (P<0.05) in F1 adults emergence. The highest mean number of F1 adult emergence was recorded for Isan, which was significantly higher (P<0.05) than adult emergence (F1) in other varieties. The lowest mean number of F1 adults was recorded in ITA 315. At 8 and 12 WPI, there was significant difference (P<0.05) in weight loss among the ten varieties. Weight loss was similar among the imported varieties and Ayede Ekiti rice. There was also no difference (P>0.05) in the weight loss of Igbemo, Ofada and Erio varieties. Highest and lowest weight loss was obtained for Isan and ITA 315, at week 8 and 12 respectively. The extent of damage done by the introduced adult S. oryzae were observed to be reduced in ITA 315, Caprice, ITA 257 and Cisadene varieties, as they may have found it hard to puncture into or oviposit in the grains, resulting in reduced weight loss, and low F1 progeny and F2 adult emergence. Grain hardness, moisture content and anti-nutrient compositions of the selected varieties were investigated whether it may be used as indicators of resistance. Only moisture content could be established as an indicator of resistance, as the grain moisture content was significantly positively correlated with both F1 and F2 adult emergence. The imported varieties which recorded higher resistance had lower moisture content compared to the local varieties. Grain hardness and anti-nutrient composition did not affect susceptibility of the rice varieties to infestation and damage of <em>S. oryzae </em>because there was no significant (P>0.05) correlation between the two variables and susceptibility to the weevil.</p>

Keywords
Adult emergence; Anti-nutrient compositions; Grain hardness; Grain moisture content; Mortality; Weight loss
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