Biofilm Producing Staphylococcus aureus and Bovine Mastitis: A Review  

Ali Raza1 , Ghulam Muhammad1 , Sumaira Sharif2 , Asia  Atta2
1. Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Microbiology Research, 2013, Vol. 3, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/mmr.2013.03.0001
Received: 23 Jan., 2013    Accepted: 08 Feb., 2013    Published: 10 Apr., 2013
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Raza et al., 2013, Biofilm Producing Staphylococcus aureus and Bovine Mastitis: A Review, Molecular Microbiology Research, Vol.3, No.1 1-8 (doi: 10.5376/mmr.2013.03.0001)

Abstract

Mastitis is one of the major problematic diseases of dairy animals throughout the world associated with etiological agents but Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major causes which are responsible for this dairy scourge. Biofilm production by the microorganisms is considered an important virulence factor responsible for adhesion of these microorganisms with living or non-living surfaces. Staphylococcus aureus isolates which produce biofilm lead to chronic mastitis in dairy animals. The intramammary infection due to biofilm producer S. aureus is difficult to treat even with intra-mammary antibiotics so proper considerations should be given to the infections produced by biofilm producing bacteria. Development of an effective vaccination against the bacteria which produce biofilm may provide success to control such type of perilous infections.

Keywords
Dairy animals; Mastitis; Staphylococcus aureus; Biofilm production; Antibiotic resistance
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