The Prevalence of Fascioliasis among Slaughtered Cattle in Akure, Nigeria
Olajide Joseph Afolabi
Fayokemi Christianah Olususi
Department of Biology, Federal University of Technology Akure, P.M.B. 704 Akure, Nigeria
Molecular Pathogens, 2016, Vol. 7, No. 1 doi: 10.5376/mp.2016.07.0001
Received: 27 Oct., 2016 Accepted: 12 Dec., 2016 Published: 14 Dec., 2016
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Preferred citation for this article:
Afolabi O.J and Olususi F.C., 2016, The Prevalence of Fascioliasis among Slaughtered Cattle in Akure, Nigeria, Molecular Pathogens, 7(1): 1-5 (doi: 10.5376/mp.2016.07.0001)
This study was undertaken in Akure, Ondo State to determine the prevalence of fascioliasis among slaughtered cattle in Akure metropolis. The faecal samples of the slaughtered cattle were examined for the eggs and adult of the Fasciola spp using flotation method and viewed with X40 magnification of binocular microscope. Examination of the adult flukes from the infected liver was done by making length wise incisions of the ventral side of the liver in order to cut open the bile duct. Of the 905 male and female slaughtered cattle examined for fascioliasis infection in the study area, a total prevalence of 7.07% (n=64) was observed. Prevalence of the disease between genders revealed that the female cattle were more susceptible (8.53%) to the disease than the male cattle (5.73%). F. gigantica was identified to be the most predominant species in the study area with prevalence of 84.38% compare to F. hepatica (1.56%). This study indicated that prevalence of fascioliasis is low in the study area but there is still need for adequate environmental and veterinary health enlightenment programmes about this infection to completely eradicate the disease and further improve the quality of meat supply to the consumers.
Fascioliasis; Fasciola species; Prevalence; Abattoirs