Inheritance of Yield and its Related Traits in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.)  

K. Radha Rani , K. Ravinder Reddy , Ch. Surender Raju
College of Horticulture, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad� 500-030, Andhra Pradesh, India
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Plant Breeding, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/mpb.2014.05.0001
Received: 20 Nov., 2013    Accepted: 20 Dec., 2013    Published: 03 Jan., 2014
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Radha Rani et al., 2014, Inheritance of Yield and its Related Traits in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.), Molecular Plant Breeding, Vol.5, No. 1 1-4 (doi: 10.5376/mpb.2014.05.0001)

Abstract

A study on understanding the inheritance of yield and its related traits in bitter gourd by using generation means analysis involving six generations in two crosses (IC-044417×IC-045339 and IC-045339×IC-470560) revealed the presence of non-allelic interaction effects in expression of all the traits studied. All the traits were inherited by dominance (h) among the main effects and additive×additive (i) among the interaction effects in IC-044417×IC-045339 while dominance, additive×additive (i) and additive×dominance (j) in  IC-045339×IC-470560 except fruit girth which was inherited by dominance (h) and dominance×dominance (l) type of interaction effect. Therefore, recurrent selection and diallel selective mating system in addition to heterosis breeding may be used to improve the traits in bitter gourd.

Keywords
Bitter gourd; Inheritance of yield and its components; Gene effects; Non-allelic interactions
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