Genetic Diversity of Involved Varieties and Improvement of Elite Restorer of Indica Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Using Backcross Introgression  

Jinteng Cui1 , Bingxu Chen2 , Yingyao Shi3 , Rong Zhang4 , Hui Wang2 , Yiliang Qian3 , Haiyan Liu2 , Linghua Zhu2 , Zhikang Li2 , Yongming Gao3
1. Landscape College, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing, 102206, P.R. China
2. Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, 100081, P.R. China
3. College of Agricultural Sciences, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, 230036, P.R. China
4. Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, 100081, P.R. China
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Plant Breeding, 2011, Vol. 2, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/mpb.2011.02.0001
Received: 26 Nov., 2010    Accepted: 20 Dec., 2010    Published: 18 Jan., 2011
© 2011 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This article was first published in Molecular Plant Breeding (Regular Print Version) in Chinese, and here was authorized to translate and publish the paper in English under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Cui et al., 2008, Genetic diversity of involved varieties and improvement of elite restorer of indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) using backcross introgression, Molecular Plant Breeding, 6(1): 25-31

Abstract

To make reference to cross combinations and improvement of parents, the genetic diversity and relationship among 55 rice germplasms were analyzed with a total of 53 SSR markers. In the present study, 267 allelic variations were detected, and the average allelic variation of 53 loci was 5.04, ranging from 4 to 7. The average polymorphism index content (PIC) of SSR markers was 0.624, ranging from 0.287 to 0.786. All germplasms could be divided into indica and japonica rices, the genetic similarity between them varied from 0.588 to 0.996. The similarity coefficient between Minghui 86 and 53 donors was from 0.655 to 0.850. The similarity coefficient between Shuhui 527 and the donors was from 0.640 to 0.873. The results indicated that the detection of SSR polymorphisms was not only one of the most efficient and accurate measures to study the genetic differences among rice varieties but also was helpful for the discovery and utilization of favorable genes in advanced-backcross introgression populations.

Keywords
Rice; SSR; Genetic diversity; Similarity coefficient
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