Evolution of the Genes Encoding Starch Synthase in Sorghum and Common Wheat  

Xiaoxue Pan1,3 , Hongbo Yan2 , Meiru Li1 , Guojiang Wu1 , Huawu Jiang1
1 Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510650
2 Bioscience and Bioengineering School, Hebei University of Economics and Business, Shijiazhuang, 050061
3 Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Plant Breeding, 2011, Vol. 2, No. 9   doi: 10.5376/mpb.2011.02.0009
Received: 16 Mar., 2011    Accepted: 03 May, 2011    Published: 21 May, 2011
© 2011 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Pan et al., 2011, Evolution of the Genes Encoding Starch Synthase in Sorghum and Common Wheat, Molecular Plant Breeding Vol.2 No.9 (doi: 10.5376/mpb.2011.02.0009)

Abstract

Starch synthases (SSs) play important roles in plant starch synthesis. Five enzymetic isoforms of starch synthases have been found in plant, some of isoforms have further diverged possibly via whole genome duplication events, which might result in two or three subclasses of the sequences in rice and maize. In this study, we found the retention of GBSS, SSII, and SSIII duplicators except for the SSIV duplicator in genomes of sorghum and wheat. The SSIV gene might have been lost in maize and sorghum genomes based on the synteny relationship among rice maize and sorghum. Expression analyses indicated that the SS duplicators were also diverged from the duplicators of SbGBSSI, SbSSIIIa in expression pattern, and SbSSIIa were expressed mainly in endosperm in sorghum, whereas SbGBSSII, SbSSIIb, and SbSSIIIb of sorghum, TaSSIIb and TaSSIIIb of common wheat, were expressed mainly in leaves. Our findings, in combination with previous studies, indicate that the SSIV duplicator should be not remained in all Gramineae species, while the expression of duplicated SS genes diverged similarly in the studied species.

Keywords
Starch synthesis; Gene duplication; Gene divergence; Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.); Common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
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