Microsatellite marker-based genetic diversity among quality protein maize (QPM) inbreds differing for kernel iron and zinc  

Neha Pandey1 , Firoz Hossain1 , Krishan Kumar2 , Ashish K Vishwakarma1 , Vignesh Muthusamy , Kanchikeri M Manjaiah1 , Pawan K Agrawal3,4 , Satish K Guleria5 , Sallaram S Reddy6 , Nepolean Thirunavukkarasu , Hari S Gupta1,7
1. ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, India
2. Singhania University, Jhunjhunu, Rajashthan, India
3. ICAR-Vivekanand Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan (VPKAS), Almora, Uttarakhand, India
4. Krishi Anusandhan Bhawan-II, ICAR, New Delhi, India
5. C.S.K. Himachal Pradesh Krishi Viswavidyalaya (CSK-HPKV), Bajaura Centre, India 6. Professor Jayshankar Telangana State Agricutural University (PJTSAU), Hyderabad, India
7. Present Address: Borlaug Institute for South Asia (BISA), New Delhi, India
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Plant Breeding, 2015, Vol. 6, No. 3   doi: 10.5376/mpb.2015.06.0003
Received: 10 Dec., 2014    Accepted: 29 Jan., 2015    Published: 10 Feb., 2015
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Pandey et al., Microsatellite marker-based genetic diversity among quality protein maize (QPM) inbreds differing for kernel iron and zinc, Molecular Plant Breeding, 2015, Vol.6, No. 3 1-10 (doi: 10.5376/mpb.2015.06.0003)

Abstract

Quality Protein Maize by virtue of opaque2 mutation is known to possess high lysine and tryptophan which help in improving biological value of maize protein. Improvement of these genotypes for kernel Fe and Zn holds immense promise. We report here wide variation for kernel -Fe and -Zn among 46 diverse Quality Protein Maize inbreds. Promising inbreds with high kernel -Fe (>40 mg/kg) and -Zn (>35.0 mg/kg) were identified. Profiling of inbreds using 75 microsatellite markers distributed throughout the genome produced a total of 256 alleles with a mean of 3.41 alleles per locus. Seven unique- and 26 rare- alleles were identified. The average polymorphism information content was 0.50, with a range of 0.11-0.79. Genetic dissimilarity coefficient varied from 0.38-0.86 with a mean of 0.72. Cluster analysis grouped the inbreds into three major clusters; and principal coordinate analysis depicted diverse genetic nature of inbred lines. Genetically diverse inbred lines with high kernel -Fe and -Zn can be used for development of Quality Protein Maize hybrids enriched with micronutrients. Phenotypically contrasting inbreds with high genetic divergence can serve as ideal parents in developing mapping population(s) for identifying loci underlying accumulation of Fe and Zn in maize kernel. 

Keywords
SSR; Genetic-diversity; Quality protein maize; Iron; Zinc
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pornliz suckporn sex videos bbw mom xxx big fucking arabin porn videos teen gril sex video riding hard cock woman hard vagina . Neha Pandey
. Firoz Hossain
. Krishan Kumar
. Ashish Vishwakarma
. Vignesh Muthusamy
. Kanchikeri Manjaiah
. Pawan Agrawal
. Satish Guleria
. Sallaram Reddy
. Nepolean Thirunavukkarasu
. Hari Gupta
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