Review Article

Tissue Culture Technology is a Breeding Approach in Wheat: An Overview  

Sofia Jabeen1 , Ihsan Khaliq1 , Jacques Togo2 , Muhammad Sajjad1 , Saif ul Malook1
1 Department of Plant Breeding and Genetic, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
2 School of Life Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Jilin, China
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Plant Breeding, 2016, Vol. 7, No. 13   doi: 10.5376/mpb.2016.07.0013
Received: 01 Jan., 2016    Accepted: 12 Feb., 2016    Published: 07 Apr., 2016
© 2016 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:
Jabeen S., Khaliq I., Togo J., Sajjad M., and Malook S.U., 2016, Tissue Culture Technology is a Breeding Approach in Wheat: An Overview, Molecular Plant Breeding, 7(13): 1-11 (doi: 10.5376/mpb.2016.07.0013)
 
Abstract

Culturing of plant cells, tissues and organs in controlled and disinfected conditions which includes light intensity, humidity and temperature is known as “Plant Tissue Culture”. From the past several years, regeneration of different plants under lab conditions from different plant cells and tissues has been playing a very important role in examining plant genetics and their physiology. This technique is known to help the plants in propagation and increases their soil’s agronomic performance. In this review, we focus on the impact of plant tissue culture techniques in wheat crop, such as embryo culture, mature and immature embryo culture, effect of media on callus induction and regeneration, media and genotype interaction on callus induction and regeneration, somatic embryogenesis, correlation of agronomic trait on callus induction, and regeneration and somaclonal variations.

Keywords
Plant tissue culture; Wheat; Embryo culture; Somatic embryogenesis; Media culture
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