Research Article

Wide Compatibility Gene Approaches and Heterosis Relationship in Japonica x Indica Hybrid Rice (Oryza sativa L.)  

Soni Sandeep Kumar1 , Yadav Vijay Kumar1 , Bhadana Vijai Pal2 , Yadav Mahesh Chand3 , Sundaram Raman Minakshi4
1 Department of Genetics & Plant Breeding, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, 208002 (U.P.), India
2 Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Garhkhatanga, Ranchi, Jharkhand, 834010, India
3 Division of Genomic Resources,National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa Campus, New Delhi, 110012, India
4 Division of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Rice Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, 500030 (Telangana), India
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Plant Breeding, 2016, Vol. 7, No. 21   doi: 10.5376/mpb.2016.07.0021
Received: 27 Apr., 2016    Accepted: 03 May, 2016    Published: 01 Jun., 2016
© 2016 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:
Soni S.K., Yadav V.K., Bhadana V.P., Yadav M.C., and Sundaram R.M., 2016, Wide Compatibility Gene Approaches and Heterosis Relationship in Japonica×Indica Hybrid Rice (Oryza sativa L.), Molecular Plant Breeding, 7(21): 1-12 (doi: 10.5376/mpb.2016.07.0021)
 
Abstract

A special class of rice germplasm, referred as wide-compatible can produce hybrids with enhanced spikelet fertility when crossed with japonica×indicia rice lines having neutral allele. Present study was conducted to identify the presence of neutral allele and relationship in the hybrid performance. The wide-compatible genotype screening resulted positive selection having neutral allele and responsible for increased spikelet fertility with possible utilization as donor parent in hybrid development programme for achieving higher yield. Combining ability and heterosis for grain yield and its component traits derived from japonica×indica experimental hybrids revealed higher general combining ability variance than their respective specific combining ability variances indicating the predominance of additive gene action, opened the way for fixing the yield contributing gene by breeding through transgressive selection. Most of the experimental hybrids showed significant and positive SCA effects for grain yield as well as several other yield related component traits. Wide compatibility gene investigation clearly demonstrated the utility of InDel primer in the identification of wide compatible genotypes possessing neutral allele at S5 locus. The genotypes having natural allele (281-bp) can give rise to fully fertile panicle and significant contribution towards yield and heterosis. Association index between genetic diversity and three SH of GY hybrids on the basis of microsatellite data set surprisingly exhibited significant and positive correlation indicated the possible utility of microsatellite markers for successful utilization and establishing the strong heterotic relationship.

Keywords
Wide compatibility; Microsatellite markers; Economic heterosis; Association study; Neutral allele; Higher yield
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