Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Potential of Terminalia arjuna L.  

Z. M. Halleys Khan , Hossain Md. Faruquee , Md. Munan Shaik
Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh
Author    Correspondence author
Medicinal Plant Research, 2013, Vol. 3, No. 10   doi: 10.5376/mpr.2013.03.0010
Received: 07 Aug., 2013    Accepted: 12 Aug., 2013    Published: 15 Aug., 2013
© 2013 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Khan et al., 2013, Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Potential of Terminalia arjuna L., Medicinal Plant Research, Vol.3, No.10 70-77 (doi: 10.5376/mpr.2013.03.0010)

Abstract

To cure human diseases, medicinal plants have been a major source of therapeutic agentssince ancient time. Terminalia arjuna is one kind of widely used medicinal plant throughout Bangladesh and used in various indigenous system of medicine like Ayurveda, Sidda and Unani. This plant has been reported to contain active constituents including arjunolic acid, gallic acid, terminic acid, pyrocatechols, β-Sitosterol, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper etc. which proved to be effective pharmacological agents as antimicrobial, anticancer, antidiabetic, antiacne, antihelmintic, antiinflammatory, anticholinesterase, antioxidant, antiasthmatic as well as wound healing, cardioprotective and insecticidal activities.It is considered to be an ideal agent for treating cancer, coronary artery disease, hypertension and ischemic cardiomyopathy. The present comprehensive update review is therefore an effort to give detailed information on phytochemical and pharmacological studies of T. arjuna.

Keywords
Terminalia arjuna; Arjunolic acid; Phytochemistry; Cardio-protective activity; Antimicrobial activity
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