Research Article

Medicinal Potentials of Buchholzia coriacea (Wonderful Kola)  

Sylvester Chibueze Izah1 , E.J.  Uhunmwangho2 , Benjamin O. Eledo3, 4
1 Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa state, Nigeria
2 Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo state, Nigeria
3 Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Madonna University, Elele, Nigeria
4 Haematology and Blood Transfusion Department, Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Author    Correspondence author
Medicinal Plant Research, 2018, Vol. 8, No. 5   doi: 10.5376/mpr.2018.08.0005
Received: 05 Mar., 2018    Accepted: 28 Mar., 2018    Published: 20 Apr., 2018
© 2018 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Izah S.C., Uhunmwangho E.J., and Eledo B.O., 2018, Medicinal potentials of Buchholzia coriacea (wonderful kola), Medicinal Plant Research, 8(5): 27-42 (doi: 10.5376/mpr.2018.08.0005)

Abstract

Wonderful kola (Buchholzia coriacea) is geographically distributed in some Africa countries. The seed of the kola contain phytochemicals/bioactive, compounds, while the essential oil contains several chemical compounds that depict the medicinal properties of the plant. Several traditional claims and scientific validations have been made on the efficacy of leaves and seeds of the wonderful kola plant. Hence, this study reviews the medicinal properties of the plant. The study found that it has been scientifically validated that wonderful plant have analgesic, anti-depressant, anti-malaria, anti-anxiety, anti-diabetes, anti-microbial, anti-oxidants, anti-helminthes, anti-ulcer, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidants, hyperlipidemia, anti-hypercholesterolemic, anti-atherogenic, anti-trypanosomal, anti-modulatory, anti-spasmodic, anti-diarrhoea and anti-fertility activities. Therefore, there is the need for research to focus on other traditional claim that the plant effective toward including fever, cough, hypertension, headache, sinusitis, catarrh, small pox, scabies, chest pains, boils, syphilis, earache, headache, gonorrhea, rheumatism, cold and catarrh. Based on scientific validation, research should also focus on the actual dose, purification of the chemical constituents, mechanisms of action, most suitable solvent needed for extraction for each of the disease condition that have been scientifically proven.

Keywords
Buchholzia coriacea; Phytochemicals; Phytomedicine; Traditional medicine
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